LEGAL PLURALISM IN EARLY MODERN ENGLAND
Palavras-chave:Legal Pluralism, Law and Development, Law
ResumoThis article argues that early modern England should be considered as a legally pluralistic society. Historians have long recognised the fact of early modern legal pluralism, however few use this term and discussion of what this might mean is absent from the historiography. This article seeks to integrate the theory behind legal pluralism with the study of early modern England. Furthermore, this article argues that bringing the early modern into the study of legal pluralism adds historical depth to the concept, and allows legal pluralists to consider a pluralism that was state-endorsed, rather than oppositional to the state.
Abercromby, James. An Examination Of the Acts of Parliament Relative To the Trade and the Government of our American Colonies. 1752. James Abercromby Papers. Huntington Library, San Marino, California.
Ames, Susie M. “Introduction.” In County Court Records of Accomack- Northampton, Virginia, 1632–40, edited by Susie M. Ames. Washing- ton, D.C.: American Historical Association, 1954.
Amussen, Susan. An Ordered Society: Gender and Class in Early Mod- ern England. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.
B`alint, Emese. “Mechanisms of the Hue and Cry in Kolozsv`ar in the Second Half of the Sixteenth Century.” In Cultural History of Early Modern European Streets, edited by R. Laitinen and T. T. V. Cohen, 39–61. Boston: Brill, 2009.
Barkey, Karen. “Aspects of Legal Pluralism in the Ottoman Empire.” In Legal Pluralism and Empires, 1500–1850, edited by Richard J. Ross and Lauren Benton. New York: New York University Press, 2013.
Benda-Beckmann, Franz von. “Citizens, Strangers and Indigenous Peoples: Conceptual Politics and Legal Pluralism.” Law and Anthropology 9 (1997): 1-34. “Who’s Afraid of Legal Pluralism?” The Journal of Legal Plu- ralism and Unofficial Law 34, no. 47 (2002): 37–82.
Benton, Lauren. “Historical Perspectives on Legal Pluralism.” In Legal Pluralism and Development: Scholars and Practitioners in Dialogue, edited by Brian Tamanaha, Caroline Sage, and Michael Woolcock, 21–33. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Bilder, Mary Sarah. The Transatlantic Constitution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Birks, Stuart. “Why the shadow of the law is important for economists.” New Zealand Economic Papers 46, no. 1 (2012): 79–90.
Braddick, M.J. State Formation in Early Modern England, C.1550- 1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Braddick, Mike, and John Walter. “Grids of Power: Order, Hierarchy and Subordination in Early Modern England.” In Negotiating Power in Early Modern England, edited by Mike Braddick and John Walter, 1–43. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Brooks, Chris. Law, Politics and Society in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
______. Lawyers, Litigation and English Society Since 1450. London: Hambledon Press, 1998.
Brooks, Christopher. “A Law-Abiding and Litigious Society.” In The Oxford Illustrated History of Tudor and Stuart Britain, edited by John Morril, 139–155. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Bryson, William Hamilton. “English Common Law in Virginia.” Journal of Legal History 6 (1985): 249–256.
Byrne, J. Peter. “Academic Freedom and Political Neutrality in Law Schools.” Journal of Legal Education 43, no. 3 (1993): 315–339.
Chiba, Masaji. “Legal Pluralism in Sri Lankan Society.” The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 25, no. 33 (1993): 197–212.
______. Legal pluralism: toward a general theory through Japanese legal culture. Tokai University Press, 1989.
______. “Other Phases of Legal Pluralism in the Contemporary World.”
Ratio Juris 11, no. 3 (1998): 228–245.
Cohen, Jean L. “The politics and risks of the new legal pluralism in the domain of intimacy.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 10, no. 2 (2012): 380–397.
Conklin, Carli N. “A Variety of State-Level Procedures, Practices and Policies: Arbitration in Early America.” Journal of Dispute Resolution, 2016, 55–79.
Cooter, Robert, Stephen Marks, and Robert Mnookin. “Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: A Testable Model of Strategic Behavior.” Journal of Legal Studies, no. 11 (1982): 225–251.
Council, UN Security. “The rule of law and transitional justice in conflict and post-conflict societies : report of the Secretary-General,” 2004.
Dempsey, John, and Noah Colburn. Informal Dispute Resolution in Afghanistan. US Institute of Peace, 2010.
DeWindt, A. R., and E. B. DeWindt. Ramsey: The Lives of an English Fenland Town, 1200–1600. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 2006.
Earle, Joe, Cahal Moran, and Zach Ward-Perkins. The Econocracy: On the Perils of Leaving Economics to the Experts. London: Penguin Books Limited, 2017.
Elias, Norbert. The Civilizing Process: Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations. London: Wiley, 2000.
Epstein, Stephen. “Craft Guilds in the Pre-Modern Economy: A Dis- cussion.” Economic History Review 61 (2008): 155–174.
Fitzpatrick, P. The Mythology of Modern Law. London: Routledge, 1992.
Galanter, Marc. “Justice in many Rooms: Courts, Private Ordering, and Indigenous Law.” The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 13, no. 19 (1981): 1–47.
Gaskill, Malcolm. Crime and Mentalities in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
Gebeye, Berihun A. “Decoding legal pluralism in Africa.” The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 49, no. 2 (2017): 228–249.
Gordon, Robert W. “Law and Ideology.” Tikkun 3, no. 1 (1988): 1443– 1462.
Griffiths, Anne. “Legal Pluralism in Africa: The Role of Gender and Women’s Access to Law.” Political and Legal Anthropology 19, no. 2 (1996): 93–107.
Griffiths, John. “What is Legal Pluralism?” The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law 18, no. 24 (1986): 1–55.
Gustafsson, Harald. “The Conglomerate State: A Perspective on State Formation in Early Modern Europe.” Scandinavian Journal of History 23, nos. 3-4 (1998): 189–213.
Helmholz, R. H. Roman Canon Law in Reformation England. Cam- bridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Herrup, Cynthia. “New Shoes and Mutton Pies: Investigative Re- sponses to Theft in Seventeenth-Century East Sussex.” The Historical Journal 27, no. 4 (1984): 811–830.
Hindle, Steve. The State and Social Change in Early Modern England, 1550–1640. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2000.
Hitchcock, Tim, and Robert Shoemaker. London Lives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
Hutchinson, Allan C., ed. Critical Legal Studies. Totowa, NJ: Rowman & Littlefield, 1989.
Isser, Deborah H, Stephen C. Lubkeman, Sahh N’Tow with Adeo Ad- dison, Johnny Nedebe, George Saye, and Tim Loccaro. Looking for Justice: Liberian Experiences with and Perceptions of Local Justice Options. US Institute of Peace, 2009.
Jacob, Herbert. “The Elusive Shadow of the Law.” Law and Society Review 26, no. 3 (1992): 565–590.
Kelly, Benjamin. Petitions, Litigation and Social Control in Roman Egypt. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Kerruish, Valerie. Jurisprudence as Ideology. London: Routledge, 1991.
King, Rebecca. “The Sociability of the Trade Guilds of Newcastle and Durham, 1660–1750: The Urban Renaissance Revisited.” In Creating and Consuming Culture in North-East England, 1660–1830, edited by Helen Berry and Jeremy Gregory, 51–71. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004.
Kissam, Philip C. “The Ideology of the Case Method/Final Examina- tion Law School.” University Cincinnati Law Review 70 (2001): 137.
Koskenniemi, Martti. “Global Legal Pluralism: Multiple Regimes And Multiple Modes Of Thought,” 2005. http://www.helsinki.fi/eci/ Publications/Koskenniemi/MKPluralism-Harvard-05d.pdf.
Leonardi, Cherry. Dealing with Government in South Sudan: Histories of Chiefship, Community & State. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell & Brewer, 2013. “South Sudanese Arbaic and the Negotiation of the Local State.” Journal of African History 54 (2013): 351–72.
L´opez, Ian F. Haney. “Post-Racial Racism: Racial Stratification and Mass Incarceration in the Age of Obama.” California Law Review 98, no. 3 (2010): 1023–1074.
Loury, G. C., P. S. Karlan, L. Wacquant, and T. Shelby. Race, Incar- ceration, and American Values. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008.
Lucassen, Jan, Tine de Moor, and Jan Luiten van Zanden, eds. “The Return of the Guilds.” International Review of Social History, no. S16 (2008).
Mann, Bruce H. “The Formalisation of Informal Law: Arbitration be- fore the American Revolution.” N.Y.U. Law Review 59 (1984): 443– 481.
Merry, Sally Engle. “Legal Pluralism.” Law and Society Review 5, no. 1988 (22): 869–96. “Legal Pluralism and Legal Culture: Mapping the Terrain.” In Legal Pluralism and Development: Scholars and Practitioners in Dia- logue, edited by Brian Tamanaha, Caroline Sage, and Michael Wool- cock, 66–82. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
Michaels, Ralf. “Global Legal Pluralism.” Annual Review of Law and Social Science 5, no. 1 (2009): 243–262.
Mnookin, Robert H., and Lewis Kornhauser. “Bargaining in the Shadow of the Law: The Case of Divorce.” The Yale Law Journal 88, no. 5 (1979): 950–997.
Moore, Sally Falk. “Certainties undone: fifty turbulent years of legal anthropology, 1949-1999.” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Insti- tute 7, no. 1 (2001): 95–116.
Morgan, Edmund S. American Slavery, American Freedom. New York: Norton, 1975.
. “Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox.” THe Journal of American History 59, no. 1 (1972): 5–29.
Nelken, David. “Law in action or living law? Back to the beginning in sociology of law1.” Legal Studies (Oxford) 4, no. 2 (1984): 157–174.
Nellis, Ashley. The Color Of Justice: Racial And Ethnic Disparity In State Prisons. The Sentencing Project, 2016. http://www.sentenc ingproject.org/wp- content/uploads/2016/06/The- Color- of- Justice-Racial-and-Ethnic-Disparity-in-State-Prisons.pdf.
Ogilvie, Sheilagh. “Whatever Is, Is Right? Economic Institutions in Pre-Industrial Europe.” Economic History Review 60, nos. 649–684 (2007).
Pfaff, J. Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration and How to Achieve Real Reform. New York: Basic Books, 2017.
Pimentel, David. “Global Legal Pluralism: Multiple Regimes And Mul- tiple Modes Of Thought.” Yale Human Rights and Development Jour- nal 14, no. 1 (2011): 59–104.
Pincus, Stephen. “Nationalism, Universal Monarchy, and the Glori- ous Revolution.” In State/Culture: State-Formation After the Cultural Turn, edited by George Steinmetz, 182–209. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Uni- versity Press, 1999.
Powell, Edward. “Settlement of Disputes by Arbitration in Fifteenth- Century England.” Law and History Review 2, no. 1 (1984): 21–43.
Reiss, Maria. “The Materialization Of Legal Pluralism In Britain: Why Shari’a Council Decisions Should Be Non-Binding.” Arizona Journal of Internation & Comparative Law 26, no. 3 (2009): 739–778.
Roberts, Dorothy E. “Constructing a Criminal Justice System Free of Racial Bias: An Abolutionist Framework.” Columbia Human Rights Law Review 39 (2008): 261–285.
Roberts, Simon. Order and Dispute: An Introduction to Legal Anthro- pology. New Orleans, LA: Quid Pro, LLC, 2013.
Autores que publicam nesta revista concordam com os seguintes termos:
- Autores mantém os direitos autorais e concedem à revista o direito de primeira publicação, com o trabalho simultaneamente licenciado sob a Licença Creative Commons Attribution que permite o compartilhamento do trabalho com reconhecimento da autoria e publicação inicial nesta revista.
- Autores têm autorização para assumir contratos adicionais separadamente, para distribuição não-exclusiva da versão do trabalho publicada nesta revista (ex.: publicar em repositório institucional ou como capítulo de livro), com reconhecimento de autoria e publicação inicial nesta revista.
- Autores têm permissão e são estimulados a publicar e distribuir seu trabalho online após a publicação na revista.